The Mid-Autumn Festival is named Tsukimi (月見) or Otsukimi (literally means moon-viewing) in Japan. Celebrations of the festival take place on the 15th day of the eight month of the traditional Japanese Lunisor calendar (usually takes place in September of the solar calendar)
The main customs for the Japanese are offering sacrifices to the moon and celebrating the harvest during the Mid-Autumn Festival. The former is part of their ancient belief system, and it mainly expresses gratitude of the Japanese people to the moon (god).Mid-Autumn Festival Food
The Japanese make steamed buns, gnocchi (soft dough balls), rice cakes, and bread from newly-ripe taro, sweet potatoes, oriental giant radish, and beans. They put them on a table in their yards together with fruits, such as apples, pears, and persimmons. Lanterns also decorate their yards, adding much luster to the festival.
The moon-appreciating custom is more popular in urban areas than in rural areas in Japan during the Mid-Autumn Festival. The Mid-Autumn Festival is considered more as a festival for celebrating the harvest by Japanese farmers.