Por qué soñamos? Qué significa? Tiene sentido lo que soñamos? Fisiolgicamente como funciona? Psicologicamente qué quiere decir?
Por alguna razón Freud escribió todo un libro (o más no sé) sobre los sueños.
Se escriben libros, canciones, se hacen teorías, se hace terapia en relación a ellos… y por qué? para qué?
Mi respuesta sería simple: porque como no tenemos el control de los sueños, como de tantas otras cosas, se nos hace interesante y a veces hasta nos obsesionan aquellos temas de los cuales no podemos saber a ciencia cierta y sacar conclusiones definitivas. El no tener control nos hace débiles, insignificantes, nos damos cuenta que no lo sabemos todo y que aunque encontremos una “solución/explicación” no podremos hacer nada ja!
Dreams are a series of images, ideas, emotions, and sensations occurring involuntarily in the mind during certain stages of sleep. The content and purpose of dreams are not fully understood, though they have been a topic of speculation and interest throughout recorded history. The scientific study of dreams is known as oneirology.
They have been described physiologically as a response to neural processes during sleep, psychologically as reflections of the subconscious, and spiritually as messages from God or predictions of the future.
Hughlings Jackson (1932) viewed that sleep serves to sweep away unnecessary memories and connections from the day. This was recently revised by Crick and Mitchison (1983) and stated that dreams are like the cleaning-up operations of computers when they are off-line, removing parasitic nodes and other “junk” from the mind during sleep. However, the opposite view that dreaming has an information handling, memory-consolidating function (Hennevin and Leconte, 1971) is also common. Dreams are a result of the spontaneous firings of neural patterns while the brain is undergoing memory consolidation during sleep.
La principal función del sueño es reparar el organismo para poder seguir la vida en condiciones óptimas. Es una función fisiológica, pero en el sueño aparecen materiales cognitivos de difícil interpretación y con un alto contenido emocional, a los que se muchas veces se les da muy diversas interpretaciones. Algunos autores como Hobson lo consideran como un producto fisiológico que debería ser olvidado cuanto antes, como así sucede en realidad (Hobson, 1997). Otros autores siguen manteniendo y fundamentando fisiológicamente la teoría de Freud de que son deseos reprimidos que surgen en momentos en los que baja la censura (ver modelo de Solms (1997)).
The most common emotion experienced in dreams is anxiety. Other emotions include pain, abandonment, fear, joy, etc. Negative emotions are much more common than positive ones.
While the content of most dreams is dreamt only once, many people experience recurring dreams—that is, the same dream narrative is experienced over different occasions of sleep. Up to 70% of females and 65% of males report recurrent dreams.
Content-analysis studies have identified common reported themes in dreams. These include: situations relating to school (adolescents), being chased or attacked, running slowly in place, falling, arriving too late, a person alive in reality dead in the dream , a person who is dead in real life alive in the dream, teeth falling out, flying, future events such as birthdays, anniversaries, etc. (with different scenarios), Past events in your life (with different scenerios) embarrassing moments, falling in love with random people, failing an examination, not being able to move or focus vision, car accidents, being accused of a crime you didn’t commit, suddenly finding yourself naked, going to the toilet, losing your car, not knowing where you are and many more.
Twelve percent of people dream only in black and white. Recent research has suggested that those changing results may be linked to the switch from black-and-white film and TV to color media.
During the late 19th and early 20th centuries, both Sigmund Freud and Carl Jung identified dreams as an interaction between the unconscious and the conscious. They also assert together that the unconscious is the dominant force of the dream, and in dreams it conveys its own mental activity to the perceptive faculty. While Freud felt that there was an active censorship against the unconscious even during sleep, Jung argued that the dream’s bizarre quality is an efficient language, comparable to poetry and uniquely capable of revealing the underlying meaning.
Fritz Perls presented his theory of dreams as part of the holistic nature of Gestalt therapy. Dreams are seen as projections of parts of the self that have been ignored, rejected, or suppressed. Jung argued that one could consider every person in the dream to represent an aspect of the dreamer, which he called the subjective approach to dreams. Perls expanded this point of view to say that even inanimate objects in the dream may represent aspects of the dreamer. The dreamer may therefore be asked to imagine being an object in the dream and to describe it, in order to bring into awareness the characteristics of the object that correspond with the dreamer’s personality.
Lucid dreaming is the conscious perception of one’s state while dreaming. In this state a person usually has control over characters and the environment of the dream as well as the dreamer’s own actions within the dream.The occurrence of lucid dreaming has been scientifically verified.
Oneironaut is a term sometimes used for those who lucidly dream.
Dreams of absent-minded transgression (DAMT) are dreams wherein the dreamer absentmindedly performs an action that he or she has been trying to stop (one classic example is of a quitting smoker having dreams of lighting a cigarette). Subjects who have had DAMT have reported waking with intense feelings of guilt. One study found a positive association between having these dreams and successfully stopping the behavior.
One theory of déjà vu attributes the feeling of having previously seen or experienced something to having dreamt about a similar situation or place, and forgetting about it until one seems to be mysteriously reminded of the situation or place while awake. Déjà vu comes from the French language, meaning “Already seen.”
Most people spend around a third of their lives asleep. Much of this is spent dreaming. The night-time realm of dreams has fascinated scientists and philosophers for centuries.
Yet despite this, few people really know much about dreamland. Some people even claim that they never dream.
The story of Joseph interpreting the dreams of the Pharaoh is one of the best known dream events in the Christian Bible.
Caligula dreamed on the night before his assasination that he was standing before Jupiter’s heavenly throne, only to be kicked back down to earth by the God.
Edgar Allen Poe frequently used dreams as the basis of his stories.
Albert Einstein’s theory of relativity was inspired by a dream whereby he was going down a mountainside ever faster, watching the appearance of the stars change as he approached the speed of light.
Frederich Kekule discovered the chemical structure of benzene in a dream. He went on to say: “Let us learn to dream, gentlemen, and then we may perhaps find the truth.”
All that we see or seem
Is but a dream within a dream
– Edgar Allen Poe
The interpretation of dreams is the royal road to a knowledge of the unconscious activities of the mind.
– Sigmund Freud